We have all heard interesting discoveries about the evolution of man. Human evolution has had many facts from different scientists but the most common one is that we evolved from ape-men that had been living for hundreds of years.
The walking species that man is said to have evolved from existed about 220,000 years ago in a specific part of East Africa according to an initial discovery. A lot of confusion has been felt since recently; scientists discovered that Homo sapiens have been around for a longer time than the initial belief.
The Excavations in Jebel Irhoud, Morocco
Back in the 1960s, scientists started excavating fossils in Jebel Irhoud in Morocco where they found some that suggested that hominins (the human tribe) lived there more than a century and a half.
In the year 2007 and 2011, scientists went back to the site and excavated stone tools which have been under observation. Besides the stone tools, a jaw, skull and teeth were discovered.
Using the latest dating techniques, the scientists evaluated each fossil and the stone tools found and made the intriguing discoveries. Homo sapiens were found to have emerged between 250,000 to 350,000 years ago while the stone tools were found to have been around between 280,000 and 350,000 years ago. This is how the scientists arrived at the fact that human species have been around longer than we have all known.
The Modern Human Started Emerging 250,000 to 350,000 Years Ago
The discovered fossils had both modern and ancient features according to the scientists. While the face looks modern, other body parts such as the jawbone looked primitive. As Homo sapiens evolved, it is the face that started to change to what we can see in the modern man.
We Are the Only Species Alive
During the same period, there were other species related to us such as the Neanderthal but we are the only ones living today according to the scientists.
The area that the excavations were made is a cave where the ape-men would prepare their meals after hunting. With the new discoveries, does it mean that the modern Homo sapiens first appeared in Jebel Irhoud?
Despite the oldest fossils being found here, it is not yet clear. It could be that they first appeared in different parts of Africa. Scientists continue to excavate and using modern techniques, they are accurately aging them.